A QUALITATIVE STUDY ON THE SURFACE WATER BODIES FOR POTABLE PURPOSE

A QUALITATIVE STUDY ON THE SURFACE WATER BODIES FOR POTABLE PURPOSE FROM THE MUNICIPAL CORPORATION REGION OF SHIMLA (H. P.)

Anup Kumar1, Sunil Sharma2, Alka Sharma3 and R. S.Hooda1
Haryana Space Applications Centre (HARSAC), Deptt. of Science and Technology, Haryana
CCS HAU Campus, Hisar-125004, Haryana1 HARSAC and Deptt. of Environmental Science and Engineering, GGJ S & T, Hisar-125004, Haryana2 State Council for Science, Technology and Environment, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh3
email: anup0106@yahoo.com
Received: 16-08-2014 Accepted: 23-09-2014
Abstract:
In the present study, 11 water samples were collected from surface water bodies in the month of June, 2013. All the samples have been analyzed at Himachal Pradesh Irrigation and Public Health Department, Water Testing Laboratory, Dhalli, Shimla. Parameters like pH, total alkalinity, chloride, nitrate, hardness, iron, fluoride, TDS are under desirable limit at all the eleven locations. Coliform is also under desirable limit in all water bodies except Ashwini Khad. At Ashwini Khad colifrom are 16MPN while in Churat Nala and Giri Khad, coliform are 9 MPN near to non-potable i.e. 10 MPN. The study is highly useful for understanding the surface water bodies quality. The locations where quality is not good or deteriorated due to anthropogenic activities suitable remedial measures should be taken and water sample analysis should be done at regular intervals for monitoring the health hazard parameters like coliform.

Keywords: Irrigation, pH, total alkalinity, chloride, nitrate, hardness, iron, fluoride, TDS

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