DISTRIBUTION OF TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS (TDS) IN DRINKING WATER OF MORADABAD CITY, INDIA
Rupa and Satyendra Kumar
Department of Geography, Hindu College, Moradabad, India
Received: 26-04-2014 Accepted: 06-06-2014
The only source of drinking water in Moradabad city is under ground water which is obtained through tube wells and hand pumps. The ground-water of Moradabad city has less than 300 ppm of TDS in its western peripheral zone and more than 1100 ppm in its inner region. A major part has less than 500 ppm. But a major portion of population is inhabited in those areas where the TDS content is more than 500 ppm and up to 1280 ppm. The Inner Moradabad city is suffering from high TDS content in drinking water. The situation is very worst in wards of Moradabad city like Jamamasjid, Mughalpura, Barvalan, Faijganj, Idgah, Asaltpura Bhura, Lajpatnagar, Katarshahid and Sambhaliget. Here in these wards the groundwater contains TDS content from 1100 ppm to 1280 ppm. According to W.H.O. the water containing TDS content less than 900 ppm is not harmful for health but in Moradabad city the mineral like Iron is far much greater than its standard content. The iron content in drinking water of Moradabad city has been found to be between 3 to 21 ppm and its content more than 0.7 ppm is dangerous for health. Thus the total dissolved solids seem to be at normal level in major part of the city but it has dangerous level of iron content and other ingredients.
Keywords: TDS, drinking water, iron, health