THE ADVANTAGES OF CULTURING MICROALGAE AS A SOURCE OF BIOFUEL

THE ADVANTAGES OF CULTURING MICROALGAE AS A SOURCE OF BIOFUELA
CRITICAL REVIEW

Reena Verma and Naina Srivastava
Department of Botany
D.A.V. (P.G.) College, Dehradun (U.K.), India

Received: 12-02-2019                                           Received: 28-02-2019                             Accepted: 05-05-2019
Any fuel that is derived from biomass that is plant or algal material or animal waste is a biofuel. It is considered as renewable energy as it is replenished readily. Biofuel is a contemporary topic of great interest particularly in the present fossil fuel crises. Many critics express concern about the scope of the expansion of certain biofuel because of the economic and environmental cost. Biofuel are liquid, solids, gases obtained from different sources like starch, sugar, wood, soybean, jatropha, algae etc. The use of microalgae can be a suitable alternative feedstock for next generation biofuels as they contain high concentration of oil. Microalgae like Chlorella vulgaris, Nannochloropsis sp. etc. are the best oil sources. This study gives awareness on the potential utility of some microalgae as source of biofuel.
Key words: Microalgae, Biofuel, Chlorella vulgaris

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