STATUS, POPULATION SIZE AND CONSERVATION OF RHESUS MONKEY, MACACA MULATTA (ZIMMERMAN, 1780) IN DUMRAON, BIHAR, INDIA

Suday Prasad, Reyaz Ahmad and M. B. Thakur

Veer Kunwar Singh College of Agriculture, Dumraon – 802136 Bihar, India

(Email: sudayprasad@yahoo.co.in)
Received: 20-09-2018 Accepted: 01-11-2018

Abstract
Dumraon is one of the oldest municipalities of Bihar and one of India’s oldest princely states. Among mammals, Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) is one of the best-known species of old world monkeys. There are numerous populations of non-human primates (M. mulatta) living around the Rajgardh fort Dumraon, Buxar (Bihar). However, presently they are losing conservational support with rapid increases in their nuisance activities. The present study was carried out from January 2013 to December 2014 to record the present status, population prospects as well as conservation of Rhesus monkey of Dumraon, Buxar district of Bihar India. A total of 153 individuals in 10 groups were counted through direct sighting with carefully from closed a distance. The average group size ranged from 5-24 individuals with a mean size of 15.3. The age structure of the population was represented by 38 % adult male, 44% adult female; 12 % and 25% juvenile’s males and females; and 34 % infant respectively. The adult males and females sex ratio was 1:1.15. Loss of natural habitat and increased conflict between human and non-human primates were found to be the major threat for the Raj-gardh Macaques. Conflicts with man and his pets domestic dog (Canis familiaris) habitats destruction through illegal felling, less numbers of trees and shifting of Rhesus macaques for feeding in particular day. From conservation perspective the issue of man-macaque conflict needs special attention. 

Keywords: Primates, Macaca mulatta, population status, conservation, Dumraon

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