SOCIO ECONOMIC STATUS OF DAIRY FARMERS OF DISTRICT CHAMPAWAT, UTTARAKHAND, INDIA
Pallavi Kathil*and Satpal Singh Bisht
Department of Zoology,
Kumaun University, Nainital, 263002, India.
[Correspondence author Email*: email@example.com ]
Received: 28-03-2019 Accepted: 08-05-2019
The present study was conducted to study the socio-economic status of dairy farmers of Champawat District of Kumaun region of Uttarakhand, India. A total of 60 respondents were randomly selected and interviewed through a pre-tested structured questionnaire to collect the primary data and the data was analysed using descriptive statistics. The finding of the study shows that dairy farmers were generally of middle age, nuclear family type with an average of five members per family to be dominant in the study area. Dairy farming was found to be traditional. Majority of the dairy farmers were found to have pucca type of houses, up-to 0.5 hectare of land with an average annual income of 1, 19,677 rupees including from all sources. Majority of the respondents have lower levels of education, practiced more than one occupation and socially active. The mean herd size was found to be 4 with an average of 1 milking animal.
Key words: Physico-chemical properties, reeling waste water, paper mill waste water, sewage waste water.