ROLE OF FRONT LINE DEMONSTRATION IN TRANSFER OF IMPROVED PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF ONION AND GARLIC
Nishith Gupta*, Laxmi and R.P. Sharma
R.V.S.K.V.V. Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Dewas, Madhya Pradesh – 455 001, India.
[Corresponding author E-mail* : firstname.lastname@example.org]
Received: 13-07-2015 Revised: 29-07-2015 Accepted: 10-08-2015
Onion (Allium cepa L.) and garlic (Allium sativum L.) are the two major bulb crops of Dewas district of Madhya Pradesh, but the average district yield is substantially lower than the national average. Therefore, considerable scope of enhancement in productivity leading to higher production exists in the district under the cultivation of these two bulb crops. One of the major constraints for low productivity of these bulbs crops in the district is due to non adoption of improved varieties and recommended package of practices. To replace this anomaly, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Dewas laid down 130 front line demonstrations on onion and garlic in the farmers fields from 2008-09 to 2013-14 by introducing improved varieties and applying scientific package of practices in their cultivation. The productivity and monetary returns of these two bulb crops under demonstrations (improved technologies) were calculated and compared with the corresponding farmers practices (local checks). The results revealed that the percentage increase in bulb yield of onion and garlic over farmers practice (local check) was 24.31% and 32.15%, respectively. Both bulb crops under front line demonstrations recorded highest gross return (Rs. 161342 ha-1 from onion and Rs. 146387 ha-1 from garlic), net return (Rs. 128069 ha-1 from onion and Rs. 69036 ha-1 from garlic) and benefit cost ratio (4.75 from onion and 2.30 from garlic) as compared to the plots where farmers were using traditional practices in their cultivation.
Keywords: Allium cepa, Allium sativum, bulb crops, productivity, cost ratio