PHYTO-CHEMICAL SCREENING AND FTIR ANALYSIS OF AEGLE MARMELOS L. UNRIPE FRUIT
Manmohini G. Jadhav* and Sushama S. Pawar
Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University),
Department of Zoology, Yashwantrao Mohite College of Arts, Science and Commerce,
Erandwane, Pune – 411038, Maharashtra, India.
Corresponding author E-mail*: email@example.com]
Received: 20-04-2019 Accepted: 02-06-2019
The medicinal plants and their derivatives have long been recognized as an important source of therapeutically effective medicines as they contain secondary metabolites. The importance of medicinal plants and the contribution of phytomedicine to the well being of world’s population have attracted interest from variety of disciplines. Aegle marmelos L. is one of the indigenous medicinal plants having great economic value and used since centuries for treating various ailments. Its different parts are also used in the Ayurvedic formulations. Fruit of Aegle marmelos L. is considered as most natural medicinal fruit. In the present study phytochemical screening and FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy) analysis of Aegle marmelos L. unripe fruit extract were undertaken. Qualitative phytochemical screening of various solvent extracts of Aegle marmelos L. unripe fruit showed the presence of carbohydrates, proteins, amino acids, glycosides, flavonoids, alkaloids and tannins. The results of FTIR peak values in different extracts indicated the presence of functional groups such as alkanes, alkenes, aromatic rings, aldehydes, carboxylic acids, esters, alcohol, ketones, ethers etc. The method used in this investigation may help in screening active phytoconstituents from different plants which may lead to further discovery of new drugs. The findings of present study suggest that Aegle marmelos L. unripe fruit possesses potential bioactive compounds which may responsible for its biological activities.
Key words: Aegle marmelos L., Flavonoids, FTIR, Functional groups, Phytoconstituents.