PHYSICO – CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF NAMAKKAL QUAIL – 1
Karthika, V. Chandirasekaran* and S. Sureshkumar
Department of Livestock Products Technology (Meat Science), Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal – 637 002, Tamil Nadu.
[Corresponding author E-mail*: email@example.com]
Received: 18-08-2015 Accepted: 12-09-2015
To improve the meat quality of Japanese quail a new strain was developed by TANUVAS named the Namakkal quail -1. The purpose of the study is to estimate the effect of sex on meat quality of the Namakkal quail -1. 48 Birds including 24 males and 24 females of 4th and 6th week birds were procured and slaughtered as per the standard slaughter procedures after 4 hours of fasting period. The physico-chemical properties of Namakkal quail meat viz. pH, water holding capacity (WHC), fibre Diameter (FD), Sarcomere Length (SL) and shear force value (SFV) from breast muscle were estimated. On analysis of variance showed that age and sex of the birds had significant effect on shear force value, fibre diameter and sarcomere length, while the pH of the birds were significantly affected by the sex of the birds. The water holding capacity had no significant effect on age and sex of the birds. Except the pH, the shear force value, fiber diameter and sarcomere length were high in 6th week birds. While the pH was high in 4th week birds. Shear force and pH was high in male birds while the fibre diameter and sarcomere length were high in female birds. It is concluded that sex and age of the birds had significant effect on the physico chemical quality of Namakkal quail-1 meat.
Keywords: Japanese quail, meat quality, pH, WHC, FD, SL, SFV