NOTE ON THE APOIDEAN VISITORS ON SUN FLOWER (HELIANTHUS ANNUS L.) AROUND LUDHIANA, PUNJAB

A NOTE ON THE APOIDEAN VISITORS ON SUN FLOWER (HELIANTHUS ANNUS L.) AROUND LUDHIANA, PUNJAB (INSECTA : HYMENOPTERA)

Rajiv K. Gupta* and Sunder Lal Sharma1

*Department of Zoology, Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur 342 005, India.

1Dept of Zoology, Raj Rishi Govt. College, Alwar 301001.

[Corresponding autnor E-mail*: beesind@gmail.com]

Received: 01-09-2015 Accepted: 10-10-2015

Abstract:

This note enlists Apoidea (Insecta: Hymenoptera) recorded on Sun flower (Helianthus annus L.) in and around Ludhiana (Punjab). The repetitive collections were made during years 1981, 1984, 1991, 1994, 1998, 2006 and 2013 on various crops, including Sun flower at the referred district. The list of Apoidean pollinators on sun flower consists of 38 species, out of which 20 species were identified belong to family Megachilidae, 10 to Family Apidae and eight belong to Halictidae. No species of Family Andrenidae, Colletidae and Melittidae was ever collected on sun flower crop. Species of genus Euaspis and Coelioxys are well known Cleptoparasites therefore their role in pollination of this crop is doubtful. Rest of Megachilidae, Halictidae and Apidae were collected with their scopa filled with pollens of Sun flowers.

Keywords: Apoidea, Helianthus annus, pollination, pollens

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