NATURE FRIENDLY BREEDING, HEALTH CARE AND MILKING MANAGEMENT OF DAIRY ANIMALS IN TRIBAL AREA OF HIGH RAIN COASTAL INDIA
K. S. Rao*, N. B. Patel and K. C. Gamit
Vanbandhu College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry,
Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari, Gujarat 396 450 India
[Corresponding author E-mail*: firstname.lastname@example.org]
Received: 06-07-2015 Accepted: 16-09-2015
A field survey was undertaken in west coastal farming area, Chikhli taluka of Navsari district of south Gujarat to collect information on eco-friendly management practices of dairy animals followed by tribal peoples. The breeding, health care and milking management practices were studied using pre tested questionnaire from 150 dairy owners. Fifteen Villages were selected from the said taluka through two stage random sampling. Study revealed that maximum farmers (52.0 %) of this area were less educated (less than class 7) belongs to old age (69.33% above 40years) category having medium size family (6-10 members). Majority of them have marginal land holding (88.66%) keeping herd size of less than six animals. Method of breeding adopted in area was mostly (95.33%) through artificial insemination (A.I.). Mostly the pregnancy diagnosis (P.D.) was followed (70.0%) after 90 days of breeding (74.0%) by the farmers. Clean milking production was well adopted by farmers of the area with washing udder by 97.32% of farmers and washing hand by 98.0% of farmers. Knuckling (82.66) was common method of hand milking followed by stripping (6.66) and full hand type (5.33). Teat dipping after milking was followed by only 8.0% of farmers. Vaccination against disease like FMD, HS and BQ was adopted by 88.0% of farmers. Regular de-worming was also practiced by 89.33 and 88.66% farmers for milch cow and calf respectively. Good sanitary condition i.e., clean vs dirty was practiced by 73.33 and 26.66% farmers respectively. Thus management practices followed by farmers of said tribal area was mixed type i.e., scientific and environment friendly. This is probably due to their awareness towards scientific rearing of livestock and importance of environment side by side.
Keywords: Chikhli taluka, eco-friendly, dairy, breeding, health, artificial insemination