MANAGEMENT OF PEOPLE’S FOREST IN THE EASTERN HIMALAYA: A CASE STUDY OF ARUNACHAL PRADESH

MANAGEMENT OF PEOPLE’S FOREST IN THE EASTERN HIMALAYA: A CASE STUDY OF ARUNACHAL PRADESH

Pangging¹, A. Arunachalam² and A. K. Das³
1Department of Forestry, North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (NERIST), Deemed University, Nirjuli,
Arunachal Pradesh-791109.
2Principal Scientific Officer to Secretary (DARE) and DG (ICAR), Delhi
3Department of Botany, Rajiv Gandhi University, Rono hill, Arunachal Pradesh.
[Corresponding author E-mail2: arun70@gmail]
Received: 05-02-2015 Accepted:12-08-2015
Abstract:
This paper analysis the management regime of people’s forest viz., community forest and private forest of the Indian eastern Himalaya (Arunachal Pradesh). It emphasized on the indigenous way of managing the forest resources wherein community is considered as the custodian of forest resources. The traditional and/or village institutions plays a major role in the regulating and allotment of natural resources as the communities depend on forest resources for vegetables, medicinal plants, other edible forest resources, fuel wood, small timber, canes, etc. Even in the transition period of development, indigenous communities are still respecting and obeying customary law of traditional institution for management purposes. In a village ecosystem, forests are broadly classified into community forest (village forest, clan forest, etc.) and private forest. The deep rooted nature of traditional management of forest can be reflected by community control of forest area i.e. ca. 62% of the total forest area of the Arunachal Pradesh.

Keywords: community forest, private forest, Himalaya, management

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