IMPACT OF FUNGICIDE ON SEED QUALITY PARAMETERS IN TRITICUM AESTIVUM (L.) CV.VL – 365

IMPACT OF FUNGICIDE ON SEED QUALITY PARAMETERS IN TRITICUM AESTIVUM (L.) CV.VL – 365

Bhim Jyoti1, Arun Bhatt2 and Arvind Shukla2
1Department of Seed Science and Technology, College of Forestry, Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand 249199, India.
2Department of Genetic and Plant Breeding, College of Forestry, Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand 249199, India.
[Corresponding author E-mail1:bhimjyoti2210@gmail.com]
Received: 06-07-2015 Accepted: 14-08-2015
Abstract:
In modern agriculture practices, fungicides are most commonly used for protection of seeds from various seed borne diseases. A fungicide is a group of pesticide that controls fungal disease by either inhibiting or killing the fungus that causes the disease. In this experiment, different concentration of commonly used fungicide, Carbendazim was used to show the effect on seed quality parameters viz. germination percentage, seedling length (cm), vigor index, fresh weight, and seedling dry weight of wheat cultivar VL-365. Result revealed that all concentrations of fungicide were effective for the enhancement of germination percentage, seedling length, vigour index, fresh weight and decrease in dry weight. Maximum increase in germination percentage (22%) and vigor index (58.36%) was observed at 2000mg/l concentration of fungicide, whereas, more increase of shoot length (48.68%) was observed at 1500mg/l concentration of fungicide. Result also revealed that maximum root growth (30.67%) and fresh weight (73.62%) at 2500mg/l concentration of Carbendazim, respectively. From this study it was suggested that 1500, 2000 and 2000mg/l concentrations were more effective for growth of wheat. Therefore, by treating wheat seed before sowing crop does not attack by seed borne fungi farmers and breeders would obtain satisfied yield.

Keywords: fungicides, diseases, germination percentage, seedling length ,  vigor index, fresh weight,  seedling dry weight

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