ENDOSCOPIC DIAGNOSIS OF BACTERIAL PNEUMONIA IN SMALL RUMINANTS

ENDOSCOPIC DIAGNOSIS OF BACTERIAL PNEUMONIA IN SMALL RUMINANTS

Kumaresan* and G.Vijayakumar

Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, Ethics and Jurisprudence,
Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal- 637 002, Tamil Nadu, India
[Corresponding author E-mail*: vetkumuru05@gmail.com]
Received: 29-10-2015 Accepted: 11-11-2015
Abstract:
Present research work was carried out to study the bacterial pneumonia in sheep and goats using trachea-bronchoscopy and thereafter evaluation of bronchoalveolar fluid. Apparently healthy sheep and goats (twelve each) were randomly selected to obtain normal tracheobronchoscopic images along with other parameters under study. Each twelve sheep and goats with bacterial pneumonia formed the clinical group. Salient clinical signs noticed in pneumonia were nasal discharge, cough, fever and anorexia. In these animals, there was anaemia and neutrophilia. Endoscopy of the apparent healthy sheep and goats revealed either teardrop shaped or round cross section of trachea. In animals with pneumonia, petechiae, mucus secretion, increase in submucosal vascularity and mucus plugs were appreciated through tracheobronchoscopy. There was increase in total cell count and neutrophils in BAL and the bacterial isolates obtained were Pasteurella multocida, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumonia

Keywords: Endoscopy, trachea-bronchoscopy, submucosal vascularity, bacteria, ruminants

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