ROLE OF VILLAGE ECOSYSTEM AND HABITAT ECOLOGY IN BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION, A STUDY FROM THE THAR DESERT AREA OF RAJASTHAN, INDIA
Department of Zoology, New Campus, Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.
The profile of faunal diversity and variety of taxa vary from habitat to habitat, it is difficult to assess conclusively on the basis of this preliminary investigation that a particular institution support specific animal taxa compared to others. Although the impact of urbanization, intensive agriculture and increasing population of goat, sheep and cattle have brought down up to some extent with endemic fauna because of habitat loss and its fragmentation as evidenced in surveys and interviews and on comparing present status with published data. The vegetation scanned in village sub-ecosystem like pasture land, fallow land and scrub forest land provided status of animal life and also on a more wider scale in which oran land, traditional plough land, disc plough lands, gravel land, wasteland, sand dunes, and forest department enclosures were covered.
Keywords: faunal diversity, urbanization, intensive agriculture, biodiversity, conservation