CONSERVATION OF WILDLIFE IN GAUTAM BUDDHA SANCTUARY
P.G. Deptt. of Zoology, Major S.D. Singh P.G.College, Farrukhabad (U.P.), (C.S.J.M. University, Kanpur)
The Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary ( GBWS) was constituted in 1976 on the line of the Project Tiger and is located in the South-East part of Gaya District of Bihar State. It is one of the best faunal and floral area of Bihar. The GBWS is rich in term of biodiversity due to its unique biogeographic location in the Gangetic Plain and the Chhotanagpur Plateau. The Sanctuary shows ecodiversity with different types of habitats (local forest types) inhabiting a number of wild animals like Axis axis ( Cheetal / Spotted Deer), Cuon alpinus ( Wild Dog), Boselaphus tragocamelus ( Blue Bull), Muntiacus muntjak (Barking Deer), Bungarus caeruleus (Common Krait), Gallus gallus (Jungle Fowl), Pavo cristatus ( Pea Fowl), Naja tripudians Cobra) etc. The presence of Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is the special feature of the Sanctuary. But unfortunately these species especially Tiger are fighting great battle for their existence due to rapid loss in habitat and habitat fragmentation caused by severe anthropogenic pressure on the natural resources of the sanctuary. So, at present the GBWS needs an immediate and sound conservation plan to conserve its biodiversity. The present paper deals with important conservation strategies for the Sanctuary.
Keywords: Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary, Project Tiger, flora, fauna, ecodiversity, anthropogenic pressure, Conservation