BIO-DIVERSITY OF MEDICO-RELIGIOUS PLANTS IN AND AROUND GAUTAM BUDDHA WILD LIFE SANCTUARY, GAYA (BIHAR)
Dillip Kumar Keshri
Department of Zoology, T.S. College, Hisua, Nawada (Bihar)
The paper deals with fifty one species of plants associated with medicinal use of local inhabitants. Among them most of the plants are sacred to the local people and worshiped as Nakshatras (Constellattion) Trees or Sacred plants. Some of the Medico-religious plants are Acacia catechu, Aegle marmelos, Anthocephalous Chinensis, Artocarpous heterophyllus, Azdirachta indica, Butea monosperma, Calotropis procera, Dalbergia sissoo, Ficus benghalensis, Ficus racemosa, Magnifera indica, Prospis cineraria, Terminallia arjuna, and Sesamum indicum. In the present work, an effort has been made to present the identity, availability and utility of medico-religious plants found in and around the Gautham Buddha Wild Life Sanctuary (GBWS), Gaya in the State of Bihar. Present work is based on scrutining the literature and field observation by approaching local reliable medicine collectors, as well as religious man, as these plants are widely used by all the sections of society.
Keywords: biodiversity, Sacred plants, Gautham Buddha Wild Life Sanctuary, medicinal plants, religion